The globalization and progress of communicative systems are among the main developments of the third millennium. The last decades were also marked by the growth of international tension, involving more and more countries in regional conflicts. This is, first of all, associated with a growing clash of interests and rivalry for the leverages of influence between the states in the Middle East, specifically between Israel and Palestine. The area of the Middle East is located at the junction of three parts of the world, representing a large arms market and a commodity distribution zone. Due to a number of reasons, the Middle East is a priority area in the foreign policy of many states.
The Current Situation
The Palestinian-Israeli conflict represents a clash of two ethnic communities for the right to create their own mono-cultural country and obtain its general recognition. In the late 19th – early 20th centuries, there were two conflicting national movements claiming to be recognized as Israel/Palestine. One of them was Zionism. It arose on the basis of ancient religious and historical Jewish aspirations, and partially as a reaction to European anti-Semitism. The Zionists urged Jews to move to Israel to restore the Jewish national center.
The second movement was Arab nationalism, created on the basis of European nationalism and initiated by Arab Christians in Beirut and Damascus. However, in Palestine, where the Arab presence was about 1,400 years old, Arab nationalism immediately faced the Zionist movement, and they claimed the same land. Since then, three interchanging forms of relations between the conflicting states were observed: durable peace, an open-ended mass war, and an intermediate state with struggle outbreaks and short-term attempts to bring the conflicting parties. Other powerful states, including the US, tried to pursue their own interests on the background of this conflict.
The USA in The Conflict
For several decades, the US insisted on the two-state solution, meaning an independent Palestine coexisting side-by-side with Israel. However, the situation has changed. Conflicts in the area intervene into these strategic plans, and today the officials suggest that the US would accept any solution that would end the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
The peacekeeping policies in the Middle East was developing throughout almost the entire 20th century. The protection policy of world leaders provided for political and economic constraints not only on the international activity of regional actors, but also of their internal development. Israel and Palestine have been persuaded to develop as two peacefully neighboring states, for years. However, this peacekeeping system has not justified itself. New reforms were admitted necessary to ensure peace and stability in the region, including:
- territorial unity;
- peacekeeping in the region;
- total control over the area.
Perhaps, they will not be able to end up as two independent states. However, since Israel and Palestine have long been one of the main causes of conflict in the Middle East, solutions on this situation should be agreed upon, the sooner the better.